Periodontics is a branch of dentistry that concerns itself with the study and preservation of any parts of the body that support and surround our teeth. The gums and tissue surrounding the teeth are a crucial part of this system, and these areas are a key concern to periodontists. Without proper care, gum disease can occur, causing potentially serious damage to your teeth, gums and neighboring tissue.
Scaling and root planing
In time, tartar can begin to build up on the roots of your teeth, or the roots themselves may become rough and uneven. When this occurs, the surrounding gum tissue can become irritated, potentially leading to infection. We can help to restore the root through scaling, which removes that excess tartar before it becomes a serious problem. Root planing is another preventative measure, used to smooth roughness on the root's surface.
We understand that no one ever wants to experience a tooth extraction. However, sometimes the root is so damaged that removal of the tooth becomes the healthiest option. We make the process as comfortable as possible, and our dental implants and dentures are great ways to strengthen and restore what has been damaged.
Dry socket is a complication that can arise after an extraction has taken place and the tissue is still healing. We protect the healing tissue that is left after an extraction by filling it. The surrounding bone may deteriorate after an extraction since it is no longer needed, but this can cause misalignment of other teeth. We prevent this by filling the socket with a temporary graft.
If you have lost bone or gum tissue, ridge augmentation can be used to repair these weakened areas. This can be done with grafted bone, or by augmenting existing tissue.
In some cases, a person's sinuses may be too close to their jaw to perform certain dental procedures. If this is the case, sinus augmentation, or a sinus "lift" can be performed at our office. This process adds bone to the upper jaw on either side of the nose so as to create space for implants. This is often necessary if your molar or "back" teeth have been removed.
If bone deterioration has occurred because of gum disease or other complications, a bone graft may be done. This grafted material can be integrated into existing bone tissue, thus strengthening the affected area.
In some cases, gum disease may cause the gumline to recede so much that the root of the tooth becomes exposed. When this occurs, a gum graft can be done to integrate tissue into the degraded area, thereby protecting the root from further exposure.
Pocket depth reduction
Over time, people can develop pockets in the gums where they connect to the tooth. When these pockets get too large, your teeth and gums can become more susceptible to disease. We can reduce this risk by reducing the size of the pockets themselves.
In order to perform certain procedures, a thin layer, or "flap" of the gum must be peeled aside so as to access the root beneath. Flap procedures may be used to remove damaged tissue or treat gum disease. When these processes are completed, the flap is reattached with sutures so that it may heal.
A frenectomy is the removal of tissue that connects the mouth to the gums. This procedure may be necessary if the connection is too tight and is causing discomfort.
Crown lengthening is a process that increases the amount of a tooth that is exposed beyond the gumline. Sometimes a tooth may not stick out of the gum sufficiently for a dentist to access and repair it, such as a tooth that has been cracked at the gumline. The lengthening process allows more exposure of the tooth so that it can be repaired.
Gum disease is any complication that affects the connection of your teeth to your gums. Gum disease tends to develop in adulthood, but it can occur at any age. However, gum disease is preventable with regular brushing and flossing, combined with professional cleanings by a hygienist. Gum disease can be treated through a variety of our periodontic practices